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American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.8(), Article ID,7 pages DOI/ajps Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus. PDF | On Jan 1, , Dorcas Olufunke Moronkola and others published Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus cyanescens Benth. Yoruba indigo (Philenoptera cyanescens syn. Lonchocarpus cyanescens). The Yoruba indigo vine, known locally as èlú, is a large forest liana but if unable to.

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Bioactivity effects of Lonchocarpus cyanescens have been demonstrated in its anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and its relief on ulcer.

The acid in ulcer treatment, inhibits the enzymes that metabolize the prostaglandins, PGE 2a to their inactive metabolites. These prostaglandins inhibit gastric secretion but stimulate pancreatic secretion and mucous secretion in the intestines. It has some additional pharmacological properties including antiviral, antifungal, anti-protozoal, and antibacterial activities. Methanol extract 10 g was further partitioned between aqueous methanol and ethylacetate to give the ethylacetate fraction.

Partitioning of methanol extract of dried leaf of Lonchocarpus cyanescens with ethylacetate gave the ethylacetate extract, which was chromatographed using gradient elution.

Each of the oils had distinct characteristic pleasant smell. African whitewood Triplochiton scleroxylon The African whitewood Triplochiton scleroxylonknown as arere in Yoruba and obeche in Bini, is a large fast-growing tree, reaching 65 m ftusually with a straight trunk and buttresses up to about 8 m 26 ft high. Above mentioned metabolites may be responsible for literature acclaimed bio-activities L. This increases the level of prostaglandins in digestive system. Roots and stems contain compounds with proven anti-arthritic effects.

Standard methods such as N.

Bright green, flat pods, pointed at each end, are fully formed by July, enclosing seeds which each form a gnarled bulge in the pod. More plant samples for extractions were obtained from a farmland in the University of Ibadan Campus, Nigeria and identified by Dr.

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The plant is an active anti-arthritic remedy utilized with 3 other plants in Igbo tribal ethnomedicine [11]. Chemical Compositions vyanescens Lonchocarpus cyanescens Benth.

Lonchocarpus cyanescens (PROSEA) – PlantUse English

In Nigeria, this decoction is used to treat arthritic conditions, venereal diseases and diarrhea. Oleanane derivatives and glycyrrhetinic acid are responsible for the antiinflammatory properties and relief of peptic ulcers observed in L.

The effect of the extracts on spontaneous motor activity was also studied in the open field test in mice. The essential oils were procured in 0. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Fractions were subjected to phytochemical analysis. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

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More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Classes of phytochemical compounds identified in Lonchocarpus cyanescens [fabaceae] stem, leaf and root methanol and hexane fractions.

The leaf residue and stem interface were also obtained as fractions.

Phytochemical analyses of the leaf ethylacetate extract yielded two triterpenoids [1 and 2] see Table 5. They are pounded, fermented and dried in balls about 10cm across which are sold in markets to dye fabrics and tint the hair.

Phytochemical screening of stem, leaf, and root methanol extracts of Lonchocarpus cyanescens reveal presence of following seven classes of metabolites: Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Yoruba indigo Philenoptera cyanescens syn.

Yoruba indigo (Philenoptera cyanescens syn. Lonchocarpus cyanescens)

Lonchocarpus cyanescens LC is a medicinal plant commonly used in combination with other recipes in the treatment of psychotic disorders in traditional medicine. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Results show seven compounds were responsible for These natural products are also responsible for the taste effects utilized in flavoring [17].

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Volatile oils from leaf L and stem bark B were obtained by hydro-distillation, using an all-glass apparatus adapted to British Pharmacopeia specifications and gave good yields of 0.

Cyanwscens analyses of lonchocarpuz seed oil showed phytol, sterols, beta-tocopherol and hydrocarbons are in the unsaponifiable matters of the oils; while HPLC showed presence of glycolipids [monogalactosyldiacylglycerol, digalactosyldiacylglycerol, digalactosylmonoacylglycerol and monogalactosylmonoacylglycerol]. The African whitewood Triplochiton scleroxylonknown as arere in Yoruba and obeche in Bini, is a large fast-growing tree, reaching 65 m ftusually with a straight trunk and buttresses up to about 8 m 26 ft high.

Glass column of varying sizes depending on weight of extract and silica gel 70 – mesh were used for open column chromatography. Phytochemical screenings indicated extracts contain seven important classes of secondary metabolites which are saponin, tannin, steroid, terpenoid, cardiac glycoside, phlobatannins and flavonoids Table 4.

The presence of these secondary metabolites was confirmed by thin-layer chromatography. The two oils contain cyanexcens [L 6. Leguminosae—Papilionoideae, Fabaceae is a deciduous scan dent shrub []. The whole shrub of Lonchocarpus cyanescens were collected from Ago-Iwoye, Ogun-State, Nigeria for extraction of its volatile oils. We report our studies on volatile and phytochemical metabolites of one of them, a Fabaceae—Lonchocarpus cyanescens leaf, lonchcarpus and root.

The extrapyramidal side effect of catalepsy was tested based on the ability of the extracts to alter the duration of akinesia in mice placed on a vertical wrapped string.