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THEORIES OF INSTRUCTIONAL MANAGEMENT. PISMP Wan Nur Amalina Wan Mansor Fuzilla Ayub Salwa Wahidan Nur Asyiqin Mohd Razli. JACOB. Models of classroom discipline and its application The Kounin Model (Group Management) By Jacob Kounin; 3. Introduction to Kounin’s Model. Choice Theory. William Glasser Systems Theory. Solution Kounin, Jacob S. ( ) Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. Holt, Rinehart and.

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From Wikibooks, open books for an open world. Valuable instructional time is often wasted in the process of the teacher moving the class from one instructional activity to the next. Continually being cllassroom to the myriad of sights and sounds in the classroom.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories. The teacher cannot always get every student involved in a lesson. When one student classrook about to throw a paper airplane or punch his friend in the shoulder, the teacher can make eye contact with him and shake his head. An effective lesson pulls the student along. The teacher should know each student on a personal basis i. What makes a good teacher?

Jacob Kounin, author of Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms developed a theory focused on preventing unwanted behaviour by implementing effective lesson management. These videos contain things you should avoid in dealing with student. Group alerting refers to the process of gaining attention from all students prior to explaining a concept or giving directions, whereas student accountability refers to notifying the students about participation expectations and frequently calling on students to demonstrate their knowledge through explanation and questioning.


Why is classroom management important? Grab your pen and take note pf the following important keys. Group focus – This strategy can be implemented in several ways: Before this happened, most educators viewed their role as a straight-forward passing on throry skills and knowledge to their students.

Effective classroom management correlates with high achievement. If students are struggling the teacher can reflect on what they can do to make the lesson more meaningful and easier to understand for their students.


Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin

A green card could stand for Lizzy, Gary, and Greg to be at the Math station. Discipline and group management in classrooms. Being able to keep on track without getting on tangents as well as being diverted by irrelevant questions or information is important. Maintaining such momentum and having a steady sense of movement throughout the lesson helps engage the learners in activities and helps prevent student misbehavior. Overlapping provides teachers with control over several activities.

The teacher is responsible for inhibiting poor behavior. Cynthia Yu Language Center. This way, the teacher can rule out whether the student might cause some sort of interruption or truly has something to say about what they are learning.

The teacher is able to speak to the class about a topic as they walk around the classroom to monitor their students. Jacob Kounin [Group Management].

Kounin’s theories are very useful in a Middle School setting. In Middle School, however, it usually becomes more necessary to make an example of a student mwnagement willingly breaks a rule so that other students know they will share the same fate if they do so as well.

Finally, maintaining focus with group alerting and student accountability will ensure understanding and participation. For example, if a student is done with an assessment or an assignment early have something for them to do such as moving on to another assignment, reading a book, or classrooj quiet enrichment exercise.

The teacher can stay on time by using a timer or assign roles to the students to help keep them on task. Published by Charlene Barrett Modified over 2 years ago.

I saw many of his methods used by my Practicum teacher back in the spring. This first observation led Kounin to conduct experiments over 5 years with students from all levels, but later Kounin changed his focus to seeing how teachers actually prepared or proactively managed their classrooms before behavior occurred.

These studies emphasized how teachers could manage students, lessons and classrooms to reduce the incidence of bad behavior.

Arranging the classroom so that all students are always within eyesight. Group alerting also allows teachers to present to students expectations that they have for the class. While the early-finishers are staying busy the teacher is allowed to move around the room to answer question or assist struggling students. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. When placing students in group-work, the teacher can walk around facilitating and listening to discussions of other students.


The group focus aspect in the high school setting really takes a quick attention to detail. Another thing that can ruin smoothness is when a teacher does not have a plan or course of action, it can seem as though the lecture is jumping from one topic to the next.

I’m busy working on my blog posts. Momentum is the flow of a lesson. The teacher must not remain idle at any time. The “with-it-ness” that comes with being an effective teacher is most often the fruit of planning and keeps students on task.

The teacher should make the jacog aware of her expectations and enforce them by tueory them so that the students can all be “with-it”. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

When every student always has something to do, each will not become bored and find off-task behavior to engage in. He watched as the correction of one student behavior actually spread to other students engaging in inappropriate behaviors, and resulted in a much more ordered room. This technique allows the teacher to have an idea about those students who may cause an unwanted tangent and those who may have a good question, pertaining to utilise the time effectively.

Teachers can get distracted by students or other outside variables the phone rings, someone walks into the classroom, etc. This can be as simple as making scanning looks around the room every once in awhile. Smoothness is also highly related to momentum.