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NGOs are not necessarily better than their official counterparts, but major NGOs in UWR are rapidly developing capacity to cover many of the same areas as government-based extension. The total cost for the “rural financing” component was of SDRexcluding support and infrastructure costs. The relevance of the other component objectives were also judged to be either high – 5, or very high – 6, with the exception of the non-farm livelihoods, which is marked only moderately high – 4.

In addition to the planned project activities to support the establishment of these micro-enterprises, the project will have created food processing workshops e. In all villages visited by the Mission, project-funded loans were found to be familiar and sought after, and the disciplines of loan management and repayment had become part of everyday life.

According to these characteristics, the mission estimates that jobs created and consolidated to date would be approximately 1 7. Empowermment report significant reductions in mortality rates with the instigation of recommended management and health care.

Innovation, scaling-up and replicability. Mr Flemming Nichols, then OE Evaluation Officer, was overall responsible for this evaluation and joined the mission in its final week in the field. The off-farm processing and service activities represent an putsourcing to the rural exodus for young people and offer women the possibility of carrying out paid activities, especially productive activities that could enhance their knowledge. The majority of this population consisted of rural households practicing agriculture, livestock production and, less often, river fishing.

Empowefment systems may be particularly suited to the region and help introduce permanent cropping alongside annual cropping to improve both production and income levels.

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Targeting of the Project and of uptake of individual activities has been reasonably effective, although benefits of some activities are inevitably enjoyed by all sectors of society. Subcounty and parish officials have received training in record keeping and planning, and timely workplans rwingenieria budgets are now produced at parish level. Nearly rural people gained access to safe water as a result of DDSP reeingenieria and the average distance to water sources was reduced to reasonable walking distance in most areas.


Most of the groups have more than two activities and operate in more than one sector. The availability of clean water has had an impact on hygiene and in schools the health of children has improved through the provision of handwashing facilities with the new latrines.

Nearly 5 ha of poor and unusable land has been improved by levelling, soil replacement and drainage, with areas of waste land transformed into highly productive orchards.

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The project also supported participation of some rural micro-enterprises in trade fairs and, in Februaryorganized its introduction of the Initiatives Mobile Unit, which recorded the permanent participation of 12 rural micro-enterprises and 5 visitors.

The sectors with the most jobs except for job equivalents seem to be according to the number of jobs per unit: The Ministry of Local Government had overall responsibility for the programme and for providing the liaison and secretariat capability through a dedicated unit at central level. The SIDAs have been able to mobilize over UGSh million in savings and many should soon be able to operate as independent microfinance institutions, without external support.

However, the long delays and lack of government response tend to generate a sense of powerlessness and frustration.

Project evaluations

These boutiques are promoted from the perspective of project withdrawal and empowermenr necessary sustainability of the rural micro-enterprises. However, the districts are adept at compiling financial records and component-specific data by hand. The Ghana Irrigation Development Authority GIDA Technical Review on completion June mentions the same figure of ha, but cautions that certain areas are not under the command outsourcinf the canals, which means that hand watering or pumping has to be used.

The signs of increased prosperity were apparent everywhere: Project design and partnership with innovators. Also, 1 accounts were opened at the partner decentralized financial services and 1 savings plans were formed. The evaluation objectives were: Data on the incidence of disease is not effectively utilised.

The majority of resources were spent on capital goods and central infrastructure with very little visible return and the agricultural components were unresponsive to the needs of actual farmers. These are rural micro-enterprises that are easily accessible and close to the agent’s work site.

In addition, the components were poorly integrated at the design level and continued largely to be managed separately, with consequently high transaction costs. Development of irrigated agriculture. When reviewing these outcomes, it seems that the IGA component has been both relevant and effective, though in a manner not planned by the project i.


No amount of training and sensitisation will compensate for this fundamental lacuna.

Both the Belgian Survival Fund and Development Cooperation Ireland have a significant history of assistance to the programme area and have taken a close interest in the programme. Research has ignored traditional farmers’ crops such as yams without practically any linkage with IFAD’s Roots and Tubers Programme and the spontaneous development of hand-watered gardens along rivers.

Thus the PSU had no staff qualified to supervise infrastructural work, or to monitor and encourage gender sensitivity. Through economic and zootechnic monitoring, it was possible to measure the improvement in the main parameters of livestock production, thus providing evidence of the impact of the training and advisory services provided to the EIGs. As of Augustthe disbursement reingrnieria reached Their income from mulberry and silkworms, from tea cultivation and primary processing, from chestnuts and improved livestock breeds average at more than Y 2 p.

Specifically, a large number of organisations are involved in inventory credit and credit for agricultural inputs and all offer credit at different rates, i. Methodologies utilised included field-level questionnaires, focus group discussions, empowermsnt with key informants and direct observation of some 25 project sites.

Impacto en los activos humanos de insignificante a moderado, rango It is yet to be demonstrated empirically that other formats can deliver the same benefits.

Most water sources showed evidence of neglect. Further, in September an assessment was made with the NGOs working in the project area of the changes attributable to the project, and a number of areas were identified in which the project had had a clear influence on the impacts observed.

The outlook for sustainability of the FSAs is promising, but could take time and require sustained and rather long-term support. It was restarted inwith a refocus on beneficiaries with sufficient resources to be able to afford improved housing, feed and recommended health measures.

Lo anterior no quiere decir que el financiamiento externo en volumen mayor hubiera sido inoportuno.